This page describes an older version of the product. The latest stable version is 14.0.

Logging


This section explains how to configure the XAP logging. You can format the log output, choose file names, and define rollover policies.

Note

Some of the features discussed on this page are not part of the open-source edition, and are only available in the licensed editions (starting with XAP Premium).

XAP makes logging calls using the Java platform’s core logging facilities. For a detailed explanation of the Java logging framework, refer to Java Logging Overview on the Oracle website.

Configuration

The logging configuration is initialized using a configuration file that is read at startup. This configuration file is in the standard java.util.Properties format. It configures custom versions of both java.util.logging.Handler and java.util.logging.Formatter, and default levels for frequently used loggers (categories).

Default Configuration

The default XAP logger configuration file is located under:

<XAP-HOME>/config/log/xap_logging.properties

Overriding the Default Configuration

The configuration defined in the xap_logging.properties file may be overridden either by using system properties, or by providing an external configuration file with overrides. This external configuration file should be located in the classpath under:

<XAP-HOME>/config/log/xap_logging_ext.properties

Any configuration that you want to override in the xap_logging.properties file, should appear in xap_logging_ext.properties with its new value. The same applies for system properties, for example:

-Dcom.gigaspaces.exceptions.level=WARNING
Defining the System Properties when Starting GSCs, GSMs and other Runtime Components

The recommended way to define system properties when starting service grid components is to wrap the original script, e.g. gsc.sh(bat) with a wrapper script which include the EXT_JAVA_OPTIONS variable. The setenv.sh(bat) script, which is used by these components, will pick these options automatically and use them as JVM arguments.

Overriding the Configuration File

Your own configuration file may also be used instead of the platform’s default. This is done by setting the configuration file location using a system property:

-Djava.util.logging.config.file=myfile.properties

XAP scripts rely on the exported environment variable GS_LOGGING_CONFIG_FILE (declared in <XAP-HOME>/bin/setenv script). The preferred way to apply your override file is to use a wrapper script; export the new setting of this variable and call the original script. This ensures that when setenv.sh(bat) is called from within the platform’s scripts, it will pick up the override.

# unix

export XAP_LOGS_CONFIG_FILE=myfile.properties
./gsc.sh

If your application initializes the logging facility via the Logging API (e.g. LogManager.readConfiguration(InputStream ins)), you may want to disable the XAP configuration altogether. When the XAP logging configuration is disabled, your Java logging settings take their place. This is done using the following system property:

-Dcom.gs.logging.disabled=true

Troubleshooting

To troubleshoot and detect which logging properties file was loaded and from where, set the following system property to true. This property already exists in the scripts (for convenience) and by default is set to false.

-Dcom.gs.logging.debug=true

Verbose System Report

Whenever a service grid component is started, it prints a system report in its log file. Increasing the log level from INFO to CONFIG or beyond will generate a verbose report and include all system properties and environment variables, which can be useful for troubleshooting.

For example, to enable a verbose system report for GSC, change the following log level:

com.gigaspaces.grid.gsc.level = CONFIG

Handlers

Out of the box, XAP configures its logging with two log Handlers,

  • java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler - A simple handler for writing formatted output to System.err (level is set to ALL).
  • com.gigaspaces.logger.RollingFileHandler - A handler that writes formatted output to a file that rolls over if a certain policy is triggered. Refer to Managing Log Files.

Java util logging supports other handlers. MemoryHandler, SocketHandler or any other handler can be used instead of the above. For more information about handlers, refer to this Oracle topic on logging. You can also use one of the open source logging frameworks that supports java.util.logging.

Formatters

Formatters are in charge of formatting the log messages and adding metadata to them (date, time, level, etc). XAP configures the logging handler’s formatter property with a single Formatter implementation class: com.gigaspaces.logger.GSSimpleFormatter. This formatter class is based on the java.util.logging.SimpleFormatter class. Refer to Formatting Log Messages for more details.

Exception Visibility

XAP prints exception stack traces for log messages with level SEVERE or higher.

com.gigaspaces.exceptions.level = SEVERE

Messages with lower levels will only be logged with the exception’s toString() value. To force the logger to print the stack trace of exceptions with lower levels, such as Level WARNING, set the com.gigaspaces.exceptions.level property to WARNING.

The stack trace of a java.lang.RuntimeException is always be logged, regardless of the level definition.

Logging Management at Runtime

You can change various logger level settings while the system is up and running, without having to restart. This can be very useful in production environments when you have to troubleshoot the system, but cannot restart it.

To do this, connect to the JMX Bean of the Java logging facility via a monitoring tool such as JConsole. You can start JConsole for a specific running GSC or GSM using the XAP Management Center (<GigaSpaces>\bin\gs-ui.sh(bat)).

To change the logging level in JConsole

  1. Traverse to the MBeans tab.
  2. Expand the java.util.logging tree node and locate the Logging tree node.
  3. Select the Operations tab.
  4. Type the logger’s name and level for the arguments of the setLoggerLevel() method. For example, If you want to change com.gigaspaces.exceptions.level level to WARNING, use setLoggerLevel(com.gigaspaces.exceptions, WARNING).
Note

You must use the logging level without the .level string, for example com.gigaspaces.core.cluster.replication, and set the value to FINE.

The LoggingMXBean enables you to:

  • Get the name of the log level associated with the specified logger.
  • Get the list of currently registered loggers.
  • Get the name of the parent for the specified logger.
  • Set the specified logger to the specified new level.

Logging Level

The logging level class defines a set of standard logging levels that can be used to control logging output. The logging levels are ordered, and are specified by ordered integers/constants.

Note

Enabling logging at a given level also enables logging at all higher levels.

The supported logging levels (in descending order) are:

  • SEVERE (highest value)
  • WARNING
  • INFO
  • CONFIG
  • FINE
  • FINER
  • FINEST (lowest value)

In addition, there is a level OFF that can be used to turn off logging, and a level ALL that can be used to enable logging of all messages.

Logging Categories

The following logging categories are supported:

  • Client
  • Communication Protocol
  • Class Loader
  • Space (Caching, Query, Replication, etc)
  • Runtime (GCC, GSM, etc)
  • Security
  • Web Container
  • Mule Integration
  • Management

For each category, there are specific logger names you should use when configuring the logging level. See the xap_logging.properties file for the exact logger names supported for each category. You can also find all logger names in the com.gigaspaces.logger.Constants class.

the following sections describe the different modules, their logging names, and their default logging levels.

Client General

com.gigaspaces.client.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.client.cluster.liveness.level = INFO

The GigaSpaces Client can be another component or application that connects to a GigaSpaces cluster. Liveness check is functionality that runs inside a GigaSpaces proxy (usually held by a client connecting to a Space) to keep track of the cluster members. Additional information about the GigaSpaces proxy can be found here.

.NET API

The logging configuration file includes declarations of the loggers available at the bridge between .NET and Java.

com.gigaspaces.externaldatasource.dotnet.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.bridge.dispatcher.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.bridge.pbsexecuter.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.dotnet.pu.level = INFO

OpenSpaces

org.openspaces.level = INFO

OpenSpaces wraps the core product with Spring, which enables applying Spring configuration and the Spring life cycle to XAP applications.

PU

org.openspaces.pu.container.support.level = WARNING
org.openspaces.pu.container.jee.context.ProcessingUnitWebApplicationContext.level = WARNING

Spring

GigaSpaces Spring application logging

com.gigaspaces.spring.level = WARNING

Hibernate

org.hibernate.level = WARNING

JMS API

com.gigaspaces.jms.level = INFO

Comunication Protocol

com.gigaspaces.lrmi.nio.filters.SSLFilterFactory.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.stubcache.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.context.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.marshal.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.watchdog.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.classloading.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.slow_consumer.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.exporter.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.communication.transport.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.communication.manager.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.channel.transport.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.channel.manager.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.lrmi.channel.protocol.level = INFO

Class Loader

com.gigaspaces.core.classloadercleaner.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.core.classloadercache.level = INFO

XAP applications run as part of a XAP runtime container, and are packaged using the structure described here. Application JARs/classes are packaged in different folders, and some of the classes may be loaded as part of GigaSpaces containers (GSCs). There are multiple class loaders involved when an application is running. More information about the class loaders and their hierarchy can be found here.

Space

Core and Kernel

com.gigaspaces.core.engine.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.core.lease.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.core.types.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.memory-manager.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.kernel.level = CONFIG
com.gigaspaces.core.common.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.core.config.level = CONFIG
com.gigaspaces.container.level = INFO

Core runtime for the GigaSpaces Space component. The above loggers relate to this component and some aspects of this engine, including lease, object types, and Memory Manager.

Filters

com.gigaspaces.filters.level = INFO

The Space filters are described here Java version | .Net version .

Persistency

com.gigaspaces.persistent.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.persistent.shared_iterator.level = INFO
org.hibernate.level = WARNING

The GigaSpaces persistence options are explained here Java version | .Net version . One of the packaged External Data Source implementations uses Hibernate. It is called Hibernate External Data Source, which is described here.

Query

com.gigaspaces.query.level = INFO

XAP supports SQL queries on data in the Space, and the logger corresponds to this functionality Java version | .Net version .

LRU and Eviction

com.gigaspaces.cache.level = INFO

More information about the LRU policy and eviction behavior is available here.

Notifications

com.gigaspaces.core.notify.level = INFO

The Notification mechanism can be used to identify events related to Space data (write, update, take, etc). Notifications are typically used with a Notify Container. Notifications can also be used via Session-based messaging, which is discussed in detail here.

FIFO

com.gigaspaces.core.fifo.level = INFO

FIFO functionality is applicable for write, read and event (notifications), and is discussed in detail here Java version | .Net version .

Replication

com.gigaspaces.core.cluster.replication.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.core.cluster.replication.redolog.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.core.cluster.sync_replication.level = INFO

When a cluster topology is replicated, the replication functionality is enabled. More information about topologies is available here.

Replication between Spaces is one of the core features of XAP, and is explained in detail here.

Partitioning

com.gigaspaces.core.cluster.partition.level = INFO

When a cluster uses partitioned topology, the data is partitioned across multiple Space instances. More information about topologies is available here.

Active-Election

com.gigaspaces.cluster.active_election.level = INFO

When there are multiple instances (primary/backup(s)), an Active-Election process is used by the cluster members to determine which member acts as the primary instance. Additional information regarding the Active-Election process is available here.

POJO

com.gigaspaces.pojo.level = INFO

This logger corresponds to XAP POJO support. More information is available here.

XA Manager

com.gigaspaces.core.xa.level = INFO

This logger corresponda to the XA Transaction manager running in the Space. More information is available here Java version | .Net version .

Jini Dist. TX Manager

com.sun.jini.mahalo.startup.level = INFO
com.sun.jini.mahalo.destroy.level = INFO

This logger is for the Jini Distributed Transaction manager. More information is available here Java version | .Net version .

SpaceURL, SpaceValidator, SpaceURLParser

com.gigaspaces.common.spaceurl.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.common.spacefinder.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.common.lookupfinder.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.common.resourceloader.level = INFO

The SpaceURL and its constraints are explained here Java version | .Net version . Other loggers are related to this one, and are applicable when a client is trying to create a Space proxy using a URL.

Multicast Notifications

com.gigaspaces.worker.multicast.level = INFO

Space notifications support multicast mode, and this logger corresponds to multicast functionality.

Runtime

Service Container - General

com.gigaspaces.grid.space.SpaceHandler.level = FINE
org.jini.rio.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.start.level = CONFIG
com.gigaspaces.grid.space.GigaSpacesFaultDetectionHandler.level=INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.lookup.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.management.level = INFO

Lookup Service

com.gigaspaces.core.lookupmanager.level = INFO
com.sun.jini.reggie.level = INFO
net.jini.discovery.LookupLocatorDiscovery.level = INFO
net.jini.lookup.ServiceDiscoveryManager.level = INFO
net.jini.discovery.LookupDiscovery.level = INFO
net.jini.lookup.JoinManager.level = INFO
net.jini.config.level = WARNING
com.sun.jini.start.service.starter.level = INFO
com.sun.jini.thread.TaskManager.level = INFO

The Lookup Service (LUS) is a runtime registry of GigaSpaces components. Each component registers itself to a LUS, which provides visibility to other components. For example, a GSM discovers a GSC by looking at an entry in the LUS, and a GSC discovers a GSM in a similar way. More information about the LUS is available here.

GSM

com.gigaspaces.grid.gsm.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.gsm.peer.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.gsm.feedback.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.gsm.provision.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.gsm.services.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.gsm.service-instances.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.gsm.selector.level = INFO
org.jini.rio.tools.webster.level = INFO

The GigaSpaces Manager (GSM) manages the applications and maintains the SLAs for deployments. More information about the GSM is available here.

GSC

com.gigaspaces.grid.gsc.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.gsc.GSCFaultDetectionHandler.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.grid.gsm.GSMFaultDetectionHandler.level = INFO
org.openspaces.pu.container.servicegrid.PUFaultDetectionHandler.level = INFO

The GigaSpaces Container (GSC) is the runtime environment for GigaSpaces applications. More information about GSCs is available here.

ESM

org.openspaces.grid.esm.level = INFO

The Elastic Service Manager (ESM) is an implementation of the Elastic Middleware Services. It is built on top of the existing administrative API exposed by the GigaSpaces components. See the Elastic Service Manager page for more details.

GSA

com.gigaspaces.grid.gsa.level = INFO

The GigaSpaces Agent (GSA) acts as a process manager that can spawn and manage Service Grid processes (operating-system-level processes), such as the GigaSpaces Manager (GSM), GigaSpaces Container (GSC), and Lookup Service (LUS). More information about the GSA is available here.

Replication

com.gigaspaces.replication.channel.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.replication.channel.verbose.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.replication.replica.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.replication.node.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.replication.router.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.replication.group.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.replication.backlog.level = INFO

Metrics

com.gigaspaces.metrics.manager.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.metrics.registry.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.metrics.sampler.level = INFO

Security

com.gigaspaces.security.level = INFO

This logger corresponds to the security of GigaSpaces components. This includes configuration and runtime execution of security functionality. More information regarding GigaSpaces security is available here.

Web Container

Any web application default logging level (the logger name for web applications is web.[processing unit name].[instance id]).

web.level = INFO
org.mortbay.level = WARNING

XAP uses a Jetty container to provide support for Web applications. These loggers correspond to the Web Container. More information about GigaSpaces Web Application support is available here.

Mule Integration

org.mule.level = WARNING
org.mule.MuleServer.level = INFO
org.mule.RegistryContext.level = INFO
org.openspaces.esb.mule.level = WARNING

These loggers correspond to the Mule integration. More information about Mule integration is available in the Mule ESB and Mule Processing Unit topics.

Management

For GUI, browser, cluster view, and JMX logging:

com.gigaspaces.admin.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.admin.ui.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.admin.ui.cluster.view.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.admin.ui.spacebrowser.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.admin.cli.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.jmx.level = INFO

These loggers correspond to the XAP Management Center. Additional information regarding the user interface is available here.

Persistence

For persistence logging:

com.gigaspaces.persistent.level = INFO
com.gigaspaces.persistent.shared_iterator.level = INFO